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PDF: Author(s): Yagubova A. S.,
Number of journal: 3(60) Date: August 2022

The article discusses some problems of teaching first year students of the Faculty of International relations skills of Listening Comprehension. Being the most complicated of all types of speech activities, this type forms the basis of communication in a foreign language. Listening comprehension includes two parts: perception of sounding speech, and understanding it by a listener. Teaching Listening comprehension skills should start from the first lessons and continue four years of study at the university, since mastering listening skills promotes the acquisition of foreign language communicative competence which is the main purpose of foreign language teaching. Listening lessons are based on a certain methodological structure including three stages. Each stage is important in its way. It is not possible to exclude one of the stages from the teaching process since the logical chain of mastering this type of speech activity will be disrupted. These stages are: 1) before-listening stage that can be called preparatory stage, that helps to eliminate difficulties and prepares listeners for the perception of sounding speech; 2) while-listening stage — the actual process of listening and understanding; 3) follow-up activities — the final stage during which listeners, after hearing the text, can discuss it and express their points of view. This stage leads to generation of speech in a foreign language. The article provides examples of tasks for each stage of work. In addition, some conclusions made during the long term observations of the foreign language teaching process are presented. These conclusions relate to motivation and psychological mood of students during listening lessons. In general, listening comprehension training helps to increase motivation, contributes to the intensification of the process of mastering communicative competence, as it contributes to development and improvement of both language skills and speaking skills


listening comprehension, speech hearing, memory, foreign language communicative competence, purpose of teaching, before-listening stage, while- listening stage, follow-up activities, language skills, speaking skills, motivation, optimization

For citation:

Yagubova A. S. Teaching listening comprehension to first year students at the faculty of foreign languages. Business. Education. Law, 2022, no. 3, pp. 378—386. DOI: 10.25683/VOLBI.2022.60.345.