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PDF: Author(s): Blagoi N. A., Efimov E. A., Kudryavtseva T. Yu.,
Number of journal: 4(61) Date: November 2022

Effective management of the transport industry is ensured by analyzing and forecasting the population’s needs for these services. Improving efficiency while increasing the profitability of carriers and accessibility of urban passenger transport to the population is the main goal of further development of transport systems in cities. Developing public transport programs requires considerable organizational effort, careful planning, and financial outlay. Public transport, as the sharing of high-capacity vehicles with fixed routes and schedules, is the backbone of urban transport systems in cities, especially in densely populated metropolitan areas. As part of the study, the authors evaluate the effectiveness of the functioning of municipal transport on the example of city buses, using the passenger turnover indicator. After collecting data from open sources, a linear regression model was built, which turned out to be statistically significant. The analysis of the model confirmed the hypothesis of the study: the passenger turnover of buses is influenced by the following factors: the length of public roads, the average monthly nominal accrued wages, GRP per capita, and the unemployment rate. The results of the study confirm the trend of reducing the efficiency of public transport in terms of bus passenger traffic, as the population prefers to use alternative vehicles such as private cars, fixed-route taxis, taxis, carsharing. Based on the results of the model, we can conclude that with controlling for the unemployment rate, the expansion of roads and the growth of GRP per capita, passenger traffic can change the current trend and move into a growth phase.


municipal transport, city buses, transport reform, transport and communications, transport infrastructure, passenger turnover, transport sector, social tariff, public transport efficiency, highways, regression analysis

For citation:

Efimov E. A., Kudryavtseva T. Yu., Blagoi N. A. Performance evaluation of the municipal transport functioning on the example of city buses. Business. Education. Law, 2022, no. 4, pp. 20—26. DOI: 10.25683/VOLBI.2022.61.406.